The main conclusions reached by the working group are the following:
- The approval of a Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition is an unavoidable commitment that does not allow for delays.
- The working group considers, in a majority way, the ideal moment for the enactment of a Climate Change and Energy Transition Law. The approval of this Law is an opportunity for Spain to transmit an image of a country committed to the fight against climate change.
- The fight against climate change and the energy transition represents an opportunity that Spain must not miss. A transformation of the model in which economic growth is decoupled from greenhouse gas emissions is required, although it is essential to ensure that this transition is carried out without placing Spain at a disadvantage compared to other countries in its region. environment.
- Spain is called to occupy a leadership position in the current socio-political framework in the fight against climate change. The approval of a Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition can be a clear sign of this role that Spain wants to play. This protagonism and leadership of Spain in the EU and in the international framework is justified, among many other reasons, by the greater vulnerability of Spain to the effects of climate change.
- There are dissenting opinions in the working group regarding the degree of ambition of the Climate Change and Energy Transition Law.
- In the GTCCyTE, a disparity of criteria regarding technological neutrality has been revealed. Thus, and in front of those who believe that the LCCyTE should determine the applicable technologies, other members defend the need to be flexible in the way of achieving the established objectives, given the uncertainty regarding the technologies that can be used in the future, without that none should be prohibited, since the achievement of the objectives could not only be unnecessarily expensive, but even their achievement could be jeopardized.
- Consensus and participation are essential for the proper application of the Climate Change and Energy Transition Law. Messages that generate legal uncertainty should be avoided and an orderly transformation process that avoids reluctance should be fostered.
- The Working Group considers that a greater commitment of the public sector in the fight against climate change is necessary. The measures contained in the LCCyTE decisively affect the private sector and do not have the same degree of forcefulness regarding public policies.
- An in-depth reform of environmental taxation is essential. Although the Draft Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition indicates what the objectives of this tax system should be, it is necessary to translate these objectives into a true tax reform.
- From a normative technical point of view, the Draft Law on Climate Change and Energy Transition suffers from a lack of uniformity. The Climate Change and Energy Transition Law must respect the principles of good regulation and must be accompanied by the corresponding regulatory impact analysis report.
The Climate Change and Energy Transition Law must guarantee that principles of Union law (such as the free movement of goods) and the powers attributed to the different public administrations and, especially, the autonomous ones are respected.