Artificial Intelligence at the Service of Sustainability

"In 2020 the European Union urged Member States to carry out a study and proactively analyze the potential of digital technology and AI to increase the productivity and well-being of workers."

Technology has proven to be a great recognizer of structures, but it is far from being able to do three things reserved for humans: the first, to be great generalists; the second, to generate a 'plan b' in the face of unforeseeable situations in which everything suddenly fails; the third and, perhaps the most important, the technology does not defy and violate the rules of its creator. *FIDE held a session on May 8 to address the challenges arising from this new technology.

Artificial intelligence is one of the most notable global trends today. The appearance of ChatGPT has caused the whole of society that is less familiar with these systems to learn how to use them and begin to see their potential.

These systems are now being used, but this comes from years ago. It was in 2020 when the European Union urged member states to carry out a study and proactively analyze the potential of digital technology and AI to increase the productivity and well-being of workers.

One of the debates that is on the table with this new technology is the use that is given to it, whether it is appropriate or not. For this, it is key, as mentioned in the session, that in company departments in which artificial intelligence is used as a tool, for example, for the selection of personnel, the representation of the workers will have the right to “to be informed by the company of the parameters, rules and instructions on which the algorithms or artificial intelligence system are based that affect decision-making that may affect working conditions, access and maintenance of employment , including profiling”, as established by Law 12/2021, of September 28, which modifies the revised text of the Workers' Statute Law, approved by Royal Legislative Decree 2/2015, of October 23, to guarantee labor rights of people dedicated to delivery in the field of digital platforms.

Although Spain is behind in some aspects compared to other EU countries in this Europe, look at Spain, as it is the only member state that has already developed a law to guarantee that both worker representatives and other organizations or entities have access to the criteria that the AI ​​follows to avoid any direct or indirect discrimination.

There is also a clause referring to this issue, and it is that any worker has the right not to be evaluated exclusively by decisions that are based on algorithms. The data that feed the algorithms and their operating logic should be made known, but also an evaluation of their results, in order to check if the algorithmic decisions are producing discriminations.

One of the great challenges is to ensure that this technology becomes a useful tool for society and that it is used for non-harmful purposes. In any case, it is understandable that some workers in certain trades feel threatened by the arrival of AI, since it is expected and was mentioned during the session that, ultimately, this artificial intelligence ends up replacing some jobs, especially those whose processes can be automated.

Artificial intelligence is today a system that, although it does not match the complexities of the human brain, has a great storage capacity. What is one thing that sets us apart from AI? Logical processes, emotions obviously and also diversification, general knowledge, since AIs are usually experts in specific topics, but they don't know about all topics.

From here it is time to talk about what some world powers want to use it for, which is another of the great issues. Well, it was stated during the session that China, one of the world powers, aims to reach 2050 as the world's greatest power in artificial intelligence systems. For what purpose? Well, with three main objectives:

  • Craft Deadlier Weapons
  • Have more capacity to maintain public order
  • control the population more

Therefore, from the West it is time to work on the mission of using artificial intelligence as a tool that provides the population with more capabilities and that is used for positive purposes and not as primary as those mentioned above.

FIDE held the session “Artificial Intelligence at the Service of Sustainability” on May 8 framed within the ESG Forum. in session Jose Maria Lassalle Ruiz, Doctor of Law, Professor of Law and Philosophy of Law at the Universidad Pontificia de Comillas and Luz Rodriguez Fernandez, Professor of Labor and Social Security Law at the University of Castilla-La Mancha acted as speakers and Ivan Gayarre Count, Partner of Sagardoy Abogados, State Lawyer, Inspector of General State Administration Services, Professor of Labor and Social Security Law and Academic Advisor of FIDE served as moderator.

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