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Law, Economy and Society Forum

We will analyze in the forum the economic and social factors that affect the lives of companies, institutions and people. The objective is to improve the understanding of how public policies and changes in the legal and institutional framework can influence such factors.

Jesus Almoguera

Lawyer, J. Almoguera Abogados. Referee. Member of the permanent committee of the Spanish Court of Arbitration. Member of the Academic Council of Fide.

Juan Delgado

Director, Global Economics Group. Member of the Academic Council of FIDE.


Discover all the publications, session summaries and other documents related to the activity of this forum:

27 November 2019

Speaker: Alvaro Lobato, Founding Patron, Fide

Moderator: Juan Delgado, Director of Global Economics Group. Member of the Academic Council of Fide


The purpose of the session was to analyze the evolution of the only economic system existing today, since capitalism has definitively imposed itself as the exclusive model of economic and social organization throughout the world. In light of the new statistical collection and analysis techniques that allow a very exact approach to the studied phenomena, some more significant characteristics of the various forms of capitalism of the XNUMXst century were investigated, such as the new forms of income distribution among work and capital, the concentration of wealth and its effect on global inequality, the intergenerational transmission of wealth or the various social patterns of behavior that affect family and personal life. Likewise, issues related to the new challenges posed by the globalization of the economy and the establishment of convergence measures such as universal basic income, among others, were also addressed.

22 January 2020

Speaker: Juan Gelabert, Professor of Modern History, University of Cantabria

Moderator: Álvaro Lobato, Founding Patron of Fide.


The first round the world trip is usually considered a decisive milestone in the globalization process of the planet's economic spaces. However, and if the matter is looked at with a little attention, the arrival in Sanlúcar de Barrameda of a shipment of spices in September 1522 did not in itself mean a substantive alteration of what had previously been achieved, since such merchandise continued to arrive there. a place that had received them for decades, namely, the city of Venice. The mere increase in the amount of traffic should not justify the favorable treatment that we continue to give to the trip in question. It is in other aspects where perhaps the significance of the event should be centered; It is at the confluence of factors of a very diverse nature (personal, scientific, organizational, legal…) that its innovative, “modern” character is surely found.

The company required, in effect, the participation of several elements. To begin with: were it not for Carlos I's personal commitment to it, it is doubtful that the matter would have gone ahead. By way of contrast, there is the disinterest of France or England until well into the second half of the century. Nor is it understood the relative speed with which the trip was decided without the confluence of very diverse economic interests. They were these: the German and Flemish capital that accompanied Carlos on his trip to Spain. Add the performance of the Burgos lobby led by Archbishop Fonseca, responsible for Indian affairs. The approval of the project was possible thanks to the scientific support of the most qualified Portuguese cartographers and pilots. There was no doubt then about the logistical viability of the trip or about the existence of the spaces to be occupied. In short, it was a multinational operation (Spanish, Portuguese, Flemish, German, Italian ...) in which different parts came together in a whole that does not admit of comparison with the previous and, to a large extent, also with what came. Finally, he raised a legal-political debate of considerable interest on the sovereignty of the planet's lands and seas. It forced to rethink the agreement reached in the Spanish-Portuguese Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), since the trip was raised on the assumption that the Spice Islands were part of Castilian sovereignty. Moving forward, and the view of the enormity of the benefits achieved by the King of Portugal with the spice trade, led emerging maritime powers such as Holland and England to wake up from their slumber to claim their piece in a cake that until then only Spain and Portugal had savored. With both Indies in the hands of Felipe II since 1580, it was convenient to ask what rights protected his alleged commercial monopoly.

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Academic coordination: Victoria Dal Lago Demmi


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